1960s

1960

OPEC formed

Officials from Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

Scholarships for Arab nursing students

Scholarships are established for Arab nursing students at the American University of Beirut.

A Trans-Arabian Pipeline, or Tapline, DC-3 flies over the Tapline terminal at Sidon, Lebanon.

1961

Exporting of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) begins

The first shipment of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is loaded onto a tanker at Ras Tanura.

A tanker loads liquified petroleum gas at Ras Tanura.

1962

Crude oil production hits 5 billion barrels

Cumulative crude oil production reaches 5 billion barrels.

All-Saudi crew at the Ras Tanura Refinery.

1963

Aramco granted patent for oil sweetening process

We create a patented oil sweetening distillation process that removes hydrogen sulfide and reduces vapor pressure, making the crude oil safe for shipment in tankers.

The University of Petroleum and Minerals (now KFUPM) founded

We help found the Middle East's first college of petroleum technology, which in 1986 becomes King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals. The company makes land available adjacent to Dhahran and contributes $11.5 million toward the construction of the new campus, which opens in 1970.

Business loans and technical assistance for Saudi fishermen

The company provides business loans and technical assistance to Saudi fishermen, increasing their capacity to clean and freeze shrimp for export to the United States.

The oil dispatching center at Abqaiq.

1964

First Aramco-built government schools for Saudi girls

The first Aramco-built government schools for Saudi girls open in al-Khobar and Rahimah. Formal schools gradually replace the informal method of home schooling in which generations of girls had been tutored in private homes.

Najat Husseini becomes first professional Saudi woman employee

Saudi girls at play on the grounds of an Aramco-built government school.

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